The Department of Physics was established in 1964 in the College of Science / Al-Tanuma, where the teaching staff at that time consisted of five teaching staff with doctorate degrees and a number of administrative staff. The number of the teaching staff in 1987 was about (28) teachers (12 PhD holders / 16 MA holders). A master's study was opened in the department in 1978, while a doctoral study was opened in 1993. The teaching staff at the present time has reached (68) teachers.